Water abstraction in Truim catchment

After checking the smolt traps I had a close look at some of the water abstraction issues in the upper Truim catchment. At present the Truim has a defined compensation flow of 0.68m3/sec. This consists of the residual flow in the upper Truim supplemented when required a short distance downstream with additional water from the Cuaich aqueduct.

Truim fish pass and residual flow

Truim fish pass and residual flow. The set up at the SSE Truim weir and offtake is actually very good with excellent smolt screens, fish pass and counter.

Compensation flow inlet from Cuaich aquaduct. When the upper Truim is low the greater proportion of the flow is from the compensation flow.

Compensation flow inlet from Cuaich aqueduct. When the upper Truim is low the greater proportion of the flow is formed by the compensation flow.

The Cuaich aqueduct is an open concrete channel which can be seen from the A9. It flows from the Cuaich power station carrying water from the upper Cuaich catchment itself plus the water piped through the hill from the reservoir in the upper Tromie. At Dalwhinnie the aqueduct flows into a pipe which carries the water under the road into Loch Ericht.  This water is of course completely lost to the Spey catchment as Loch Ericht is part of the Tay system.

Cuaich aqueduct just before it disappears in the pipe to Loch Ericht

Cuaich aqueduct just before it disappears into the pipe to Loch Ericht.

A short video of the aqueduct and the abstraction can be seen here. I couldn’t say what the flow was down the aqueduct today but volume diverted back into the Spey via the Truim compensation was tiny in comparison to the total volume flowing into the Tay catchment.

The most controversial aspect of the Scottish & Southern Energy (SSE) proposal for the Garry Tummel scheme is undoubtedly the proposed switch in the Truim from compensation flow to Hands of Flow (HoF). HoF means that once the flow drops below a certain point abstraction stops with no additional compensation. The implications of this are huge with a potential reduction in the upper mainstem low water flow at Invertruim of 26%. Even as far downstream as Delfur the impact will be equivalent to a 3%+ reduction in the low water flow! Expect to hear more on this issue in the coming weeks.

Readers may not be fully aware of the implications of the current review of the Garry Tummel scheme which involves the re-watering of the River Garry in the Tay catchment. The entire upper Spey suffers from abstraction with Spey Dam and the two primary upper tributaries mentioned below also heavily abstracted. SSE’s proposal involves taking even more water from the Spey so that they can afford to reintroduce a flow into the Garry without losing any renewable generation capacity. The proposal is based on taking additional Spey water by reducing the Tromie compensation flow plus the considerable volume they will gain by stopping completely the Truim compensation flow. Both the Truim and Tromie are important spawning and nursery tributaries of the Spey, supporting salmon throughout their length, unlike the upper Garry which is unlikely ever to. I should say that in general the SSE works in the upper Spey are operated to a high standard, there are worse examples!

My main interest today was to have a look at the Allt an Sluie, a now dry tributary of the Truim which it used to join just downstream of the Dalwhinnie Distillery. The Sluie was dammed as part of the SSE hydro scheme with all the flow at the dam diverted into the Tay via Loch Ericht.

Allt an Sluie dam and offtake. All the water is abstracted except in very high flows when the dam may overtop

Allt an Sluie dam and offtake. All the water is abstracted except in very high flows when the dam may overtop

 

The dry riverbed of the Sluie below the dam

The dry riverbed of the Sluie below the dam

Just above the SSE dam there is another weir and offtake which I believe is the distillery water supply.

I think this is the Dalwhinnie Distillery offtake.

Dalwhinnie Distillery offtake, a relatively minor and sustainable use of water?

Upstream of the dams the habitat was good with improving spawning gravels further upstream.

Typical habitat in the middle reaches of the Allt an Sluie

Typical habitat in the middle reaches of the Allt an Sluie

The average width of the Sluie above the dams was about 5m decreasing in an upstream direction. The banks in the lower reaches were very heavily grazed; there must be a high deer population in the area. There was some remnant birch woodland on the slopes but there was absolutely no new regeneration.

Remnant birch wood

Remnant birch woodland on the slopes above the Allt an Sluie

Bracket fungi devouring old birch corpse.

Bracket fungi devouring the corpse of an old birch tree.

I wanted to find the upper limit of fish access – that involved a fair walk. Eventually I came across an impassable waterfall but the burn was only about 2m wide at this point and it is unlikely that salmon ever made it this far upstream.

Impassable waterfall in the upper Sluie

Impassable waterfall in the upper Sluie

Were salmon ever present in the lower Sluie? Almost certainly so, the habitat is good and similar sized burns in the upper Spey support salmon populations. The effective total abstraction of the Sluie represents a loss, albeit minor, to the Spey salmon habitat resource. Restoration of even the minimum required EU flow into the Sluie wasn’t even considered in the SSE proposal, nor it would seem by SEPA.

It was mission accomplished today, there were two aims; establish whether there were any waterfalls in the lower reaches that would make the Sluie naturally inaccessible and the assess the quality of the habitat. Answers: no and pretty good.

 

There is 1 comment for this article
  1. Henry Taylor at 7:08 am

    Hi Brian,

    At the London meeting the idea of a petition was raised to force a debate on water abstraction. The below website allows you to set up an e-petition. It says this should be a national and not local issue so maybe it is worth petitioning more generically around protection for wild salmon stocks – this would also ensure more signatories across the Scottish river systems and could include a number of the factors other than abstraction also detrimentally effecting our wild fish stocks e.g. Salmon farms, predation, netting etc.

    http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/gettinginvolved/petitions/CreateAPetition.aspx

    Alternatively there is one for Westminster:

    https://www.gov.uk/petition-government

    Kind regards,
    Henry

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