Managing conflicts with other piscivorous species, each of may have its own conservation designation is an important role of the Spey Fishery Board and Foundation.

The key predators of salmonids are piscivorous birds e.g. goosanders and cormorants, and seals, some of which adopt a strategy of entering rivers and specialising on salmon. To aid conflict management the Foundation has developed protocols for counting piscivorous birds, providing the evidence of damage to fish populations required by licensing authorities.

The Spey Foundation has been at the forefront of the development of a Moray Firth Sawbill Management Plan along similar lines to the pioneering Moray Firth Seal Management Plan.